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What is the future of ubuntu

Please tell about the Ubuntu Operating System and the current trends.


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Ubuntu is an open and free Linux distribution based on Debian. The name of the distribution in Zulu means approximately "humanity" and refers to an African philosophy. The developers follow Ubuntu with the goal of creating an easy to install and easy to use operating system with matched software. This is to be achieved, inter alia, that exactly for each task a program is made available. The project is supported by Canonical Ltd. company. sponsored, founded by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.

Ubuntu has been the publication of the first version to increase in October 2004, its reputation steadily and was in October 2010, the best known and most widely used Linux distribution. The number of users is estimated at about 25 million. In addition to Ubuntu itself, which since version 11:04 default from the Ubuntu developer community itself developed using Unity interface as the desktop environment, there are also different variations. To the official projects include Kubuntu with KDE, Xfce, and Xubuntu with Lubuntu with LXDE as a desktop environment and Ubuntu Studio, which is specifically geared to the needs of audio, graphics and video editing.

Since 26 April 2012 Ubuntu is available in the version 12.04 (Precise Pangolin) with long-term support (LTS, ie Long Term Support). New versions appear every six months in April and in October (10 versions).

A social goal of Ubuntu is to make a contribution, that the digital gap is overcome. Therefore, the project aims to provide software that is possible for all people without any restrictions and free of charge. This is also reflected in the choice of the name: The word Ubuntu comes from the languages ​​of the peoples of Africa Zulu and Xhosa , which means "humanity" and "common sense", but also for the belief in a universal bond of sharing, that connects all human. Even in the system itself hints are found in Africa, about the sound of a bush drum during registration or the brown, reminiscent of a savanna coloring. All developers must also the Code of Conduct signed , with which they agree to the principle of "humanity" (each other there elaborated as kindness, respect, respect, teamwork, and the like) in both the development and the communication between them as met even in the handling of the users. Therefore, in forums and mailing lists of Ubuntu also typical beginner questions are answered usually patient and kind. The circular logo of Ubuntu is often formed by several people from different cultures. This "circle of friends" symbolizes the slogan of Ubuntu - "Linux for human beings".

Other objectives of the project are to improve the internationalization and accessibility so that the offered software is usable as possible for as many people. Currently come here mainly translations and resources for accessibility from the Gnome project to bear. Also, there is the separate online translation tool Rosetta. As a guideline for authorized licenses for the suite and main universe (see breakdown of program packages), the Debian Free Software Guidelines can be used free software packages, however - unlike, say, Debian or openSUSE - not categorically excluded. Such free packages will be installed automatically, where free software can not guarantee full functionality, such as device drivers. Among others for this pragmatism Ubuntu is criticized by the Free Software Foundation and other strict proponents of free software, others do not see, however, is precisely one of the biggest advantages.

By his own admission Ubuntu's focus on ease of use. The standard installation is only one program for the usual applications - such as e-mail, browser or Office packages - ready, so often seen in other Linux distributions redundancy. The selection is mainly used by the toolkit for programming the GUI. Kubuntu uses Qt here, all other versions of GTK +. An exception is LibreOffice, which is characterized, according to the developers over KOffice and Gnome Office programs through smoother operation and better handling of Microsoft Office files. Other criteria include the integration into the work environment and the development of programs .

As another aspect of usability is trying to configure the system automatically. For example, when working with graphics card drivers, ideally directly to the best available under a free license device driver is selected. If a proprietary driver is necessary - for instance to support 3D acceleration - it can be installed via a graphical configuration tool. Other distributions have such drivers are often downloaded and installed manually from the command line, what need to allow other packages to be installed for the translation. Server services must be usually configured manually via the command line.

New versions of the distribution are provided for every six months, each version is fed at least 18 months with security fixes. In roughly two-year intervals LTS versions (long-term support) offered. LTS versions were maintained for desktop systems previously for three years and server systems for five years. Since Ubuntu 4.12, the desktop version is supplied for 5 years with updates. The first LTS version is on 1st Released in June 2006, the current (as of April 2012) was born on 26 Published April 2012. The release cycle of Ubuntu is based on the the Gnome desktop environment, so that always shortly after the release of a new Gnome version there is a new version of Ubuntu, which integrates them. Thereby trying Ubuntu, at least with respect to the graphical user interface, to be a particularly actual distribution.

The Ubuntu project was initiated by the South African millionaire Mark Shuttleworth, who describes himself as a "benevolent dictator."

Most of the full-time Ubuntu developers come from the Debian and Gnome online communities. The company will finance itself over the long term commercial service for Ubuntu itself.
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